Anyone who has used Microsoft Excel for any length of time knows that it is an extremely powerful tool. One of the most powerful features of Excel is the ability to create and use macros.
What’s macros in Excel?
In Excel, a macro is a set of commands (or instructions) that can be executed automatically by clicking a button, by pressing a combination of keys, or by running a command from the Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) macro programming language.
Macros can be used to automate repetitive tasks, or to perform complex tasks that would be difficult or impossible to do manually. For example, a macro can be used to insert a row in a worksheet, calculate a range of cells, or format a column of data.
Macros can also be used to create custom functions. Custom functions are written in VBA and can be used like any other Excel function, such as SUM() or VLOOKUP().
Creating a macro in Excel?
Creating a macro is relatively simple. The first step is to open the Visual Basic Editor (VBE). This can be done by opening the Excel workbook in which you want to create the macro and pressing Alt+F11.
Once the VBE is open, you will need to create a new module. This can be done by clicking the Insert menu and selecting Module.
Once the module has been created, you can start writing your macro.
Writing a macro in Excel?
The basic syntax for a macro is:
The NameOfMacro portion of the code is where you will specify the name of your macro. This can be anything you want, but it is generally best to choose a name that describes what the macro does.
After the name of the macro, the code needs to specify what actions the macro will take. This is done by using various VBA commands. A full list of VBA commands can be found in the Help file, but some of the most commonly used commands are:
- Range – Used to select a range of cells
- Cells – Used to select a single cell
- Columns – Used to select a column
- Rows – Used to select a row
- ActiveCell – Used to select the active cell
- Once the desired actions have been specified, the macro needs to be ended with the End Sub statement.
Once the macro has been created, it can be executed by simply clicking the Run button in the VBE. The macro will then run and perform the specified actions.
Macros can be extremely useful for automating repetitive tasks or for simply making complex tasks easier to execute. By taking the time to learn how to create macros, you can vastly improve your efficiency in Excel.